The initiative to foster an Asian Citizens Assembly for Solidarity Economy is a two-year project implemented by CSRSME Asia (Coalition of Socially
Responsible SMEs in Asia) in collaboration with the Forum for New World
Governance and the Charles Leopold Mayer Foundation (FPH) which also
provides intellectual, technical and financial support.
The initiative is enriched with the intellectual capital accumulated by FPH
through years of reflections and collective action with various partners.
FPH also brings to this initiative the methodological capital comprising of the collective intelligence that arises from the development of a new global community. This methodological capital has contributed to the reflections and actions of the partners and at the same time enriched their own contributions.
The specific actions jointly undertaken by CSRSME Asia, the Forum for New
World Governance and the FPH in Asia for the period 2008-2009 underscores the need to promote solidarity economy as a new economic
space. It seeks to bring together stakeholders of solidarity economy from
various countries of Asia to collectively advance both reflection and action
for the development of a new economic space. These actions are anchored on the belief that when socially responsible citizens develop their resources, their relations and their products, it is possible to conceive a system of governance based on the principles of social responsibility of the Charter of the Human Responsibilities (CHR) which would guide their actions. The Assemblies of Stakeholders of Solidarity Economy are equivalent to the Citizens Assemblies that one finds in the lexicon of the FPH. When citizens are classified according to their stakes in the economy, they can be called producers, consumers, investors/financiers, distributors, service providers, and so forth. It is possible to estimate the investment needs of such an alternative economy, as well as the products and receipts resulting from the deployment of financial, material and human resources devoted to the
socio-economic activities. What is needed is a new system of governance
that recognizes and actively promotes this new economic space.
II. LEARNING JOURNEY
An important tool for collective reflection and action adopted by CSRSME
Asia to carry out the present initiative is the Learning Journey. The Learning Journey is :
- a regular monthly meeting where various stakeholders of Solidarity
Economy get to know each other and learn from each other in a deeper way
- a dynamic means for informing stakeholders about available resources
that could address their various developmental needs.
- an open platform for building business partnerships between and among stakeholders leading to the formation of solidarity supply chains
- a participatory process for : (i) building up trust and confidence among
partner organizations; and (ii) paving the way for concrete proposals and
business transactions among stakeholders.
Stages of the Learning Journey : What Transpires
As shown in the diagram below, the Learning Journey is a U-shaped process consisting of three stages.
Stage 1 - Observing the current reality, carefully and in depth (March-
During Stage1, CSRSME Asia as the Learning Journey Facilitator routinely
gathered various stakeholders of Solidarity Economy in a monthly meeting to enable participants to get to know each other. At the initial meeting in March 2008, the goals and objectives of the Learning Journey as well as the rules of engagement were explained to participating organizations. A fundamental rule is that each participating organization undertakes a deep inquiry into their own mental perception of what the other organizations represent. This stage of deeper inquiry is represented by the downward sloping curve that ends at the bottom of the diagram. Each participant has to see the current reality of the other organization beyond his/her mental filters (i.e. biases, presumptions, etc.). Deeper inquiry could involve talking directly with the staff and clients, suppliers, and other partners of other organizations. It is
important for the participant not only to know the company of the other
participating individuals but also the partner/ supplier companies that
comprise the totality of their respective supply chains.
Each meeting usually lasted 4 to 5 hours. Hosting of the Learning Journey
was rotated among partner organizations. At the end of each Learning
Journey, the meeting Facilitator distributes small pieces of paper where
participants write their answers to the question ―”What Have I Learned
Today?”. The Facilitator records the Lessons Learned/ observations of
participants and share these to all participants.
Stage 2 – Retreating and reflecting to allow new insights and wisdom to emerge from within (September 22 and November 14-15, 2008)
During Stage 2, participants move to a deep process of true quiet and deep reflection. This quiet time (also called “presencing”) is intended to evoke genuine caring and a sense of calling. Ideally, the Retreat and Reflection Stage should last for 3 to 5 days and held in a place far away from the office or work area of participants. However, not all participants could spare the time even for a full 3-day retreat. As a compromise, Stage 2 was implemented in two sequences. The first meeting called “Bayanihan Convergence Learning Journey” was held on September 22, 2008. This was followed by a two-day meeting on November 14-15, 2008. The convergence meetings looked more deeply into the focal systems and supply chains of Philippine partner organizations that have consistently participated in the Learning Journey.
Stage 3 – Prototyping and piloting system innovation (December 2008-
Stage 3 began immediately after the two-day meeting in November 14-15, 2008. Participants moved rapidly into prototyping to translate visions into concrete working models. This process is represented by the upward sloping curve of diagram above. Participants were grouped into seven teams representing the geographic areas where their respective organizations are based. These seven geographic areas are the following:
- Bagong Silang (Caloocan city, MetroManila)
- Baguio city (Mt. Province)
- Calamba (Laguna)
- Pasay city (MetroManila)
- San Juan city (MetroManila)
- San Mateo (MetroManila)
- Tatalon (Quezon city, MetroManila)
For each geographic area, CSRSME Asia assigned from among its staff and volunteers a Learning Journey Area Facilitator Team with at least two
members per team. During Stage 3, team learning becomes especially
important because the creation of alternative systems involves continuous deepening of shared understanding and clarifying visions. The Learning Journey Area Facilitator Team coordinates the workshops among stakeholders in the given area who are working on a particular focal system/supply chain.
Tasks of Learning Journey Area Facilitator Team
The tasks of the Learning Journey Area Facilitator Team includes the
- Mapping of Stakeholders of Solidarity Economy (SE): It has become the
convention among participating organizations in the Philippines to classify
the stakeholders of their respective focal systems/ supply chains into five (5) stakeholder groups as described below.
S – Service Provider (distributors, input suppliers, professionals);
P – producers (manufacturers, processors);
I –investors (financing institutions, venture capitalists, funders)
C – customers/consumers, clients
Y – youth (young apprentice, young entrepreneurs, students)
It is the task of the Area Facilitator Team to identify the individuals and their respective companies who are involved in the formation and development of SE initiative in the given area.
In the aftermath of the convergence meeting of SE stakeholders in November 14-15, 2008 CSRSME Asia took maiden steps to consolidate the stakeholders into a citizens assembly called “Philippine Alliance for Solidarity Economy”.
- Exchange/Sharing of Knowledge & Information : Another task of the Area Facilitation Team is to document the results of the Learning Journey in their respective areas and share the lessons learned to other areas. The Web Portal currently being developed by CSRSME Asia can expedite the information exchange.
- Developing the market for products and services of SE supply chains. Still another task of the Area Facilitation Team is to assist the SE stakeholders in developing the market for their product/ services. Towards this end, it has been the consensus of the partner organizations that they shall jointly organize and manage an annual Bayanihan Supply Chain Conference and Trade Exhibit. The first trade exhibit of SE stakeholders was organized in conjunction with the meeting on November 14-15, 2008.
- Upgrading of knowledge and skills of human resources: Finally, it is also the task of the Area Facilitation Team to conduct and/or arrange training workshop sessions for the officers and workers of SE stakeholder
organizations. An important aspect of the training sessions is the raising of awareness of SE stakeholders about the ethical/ social, and environmental standards that may be applicable to their respective products/services.
III. LAYING THE FOUNDATIONS FOR AN ASIAN SE CITIZENS ASSEMBLY
Regional Workshop, Bangkok, October 2-5, 2008
Having learned from its first-hand experience in the Philippines, CSRSME
Asia went on to organize a regional workshop on October 3-5, 2008 in
Bangkok, Thailand with the following objective: “to explore possibilities for the establishment of a community of co-creators of a responsible, plural and solidarity-based economy (RPSE) in Asia and the Pacific region”. Towards this end, the regional workshop initiated reflections and discussions on :
- the value system and features (facets) of RPSE;
- the governance framework that will guide the actions of stakeholders in the process of co-creating RPSE; and
- the approaches, modalities, and instruments for mobilizing socially
responsible investments (SRIs) to support the development of RPSE
enterprises and supply chains in developing countries.
Five papers were presented :
- “Solidarity Economy, World Governance and Citizens Assemblies:
Reflections on three pillars on which to build the world’s future”, by Gustavo
Marin, Director, Forum for a New World Governance, and Program
Coordinator, Charles Leopold Mayer Foundation.
- “Facets of Solidarity Economy”, by Ben Quiñones, Chairman, CSRSME Asia
- “Towards Solidarity Economy”, by John Samuel, International Director,
- “Building Blocks for the Solidarity Economy”, by Basilio Rodriguez, Jr.,
Research & Development Executive, CSRSME Asia
- “Ever Considered an International School for Solidarity Economics?”, by Ed Canela, International Training Coordinator, CEFE International.
In addition to the five papers, five cases of solidarity economy initiatives
- “Corporate Social Responsibility: The Case of Population Development
Association (PDA)”, by Dr. Meechai Veravaidya, Chairman, PDA
- “Fair Housing Project”, by Brigido Simon, Jr., President, Bumbaran
- “Kairali TV (India)”, by John Brittas, Chief & Managing Director,
Mayalayam Communications Ltd.
- “Janarth”, by Pravin Mahajan, Director, Janarth
- “Solidarity Factory”, by Junya “Lek” Yimprasert, Coordinator, Thai Labour Campaign
From Collective Reflection to Collective Action
Three workgroups facilitated respectively by John Samuel, Gustavo Marin,
and Ben Quiñones assembled some pertinent lessons derived from the
workshop papers, presentations, and deliberations. A general consensus
was that solidarity economy (SE) initiatives exist in various countries of Asia, but the literature about these initiatives is scarce. The cases presented provide anecdotal evidence of SE initiatives. They do not as a whole give a comprehensive view of SE in Asia.
There was realization of the need for a systematic documentation of cases of SE initiatives in various parts of Asia which ultimately should be
disseminated to a broader audience globally.
Asian Alliance for Solidarity Economy (AASE)
The workshop participants saw the need to “put the horse before the cart”, in a manner of speaking. With so many actions that need to be done in the mapping, analysis, and development of SE initiatives in Asia, the workshop participants realized the need to set up a regional network of SE stakeholders in Asia in order to ascertain the governance structure and direction of such a network.
It was the consensus to call this regional network the Asian Alliance for
Solidarity Economy (AASE). As a new regional network, AASE should be a self generating revenue model and not another network that is dependent on donors.
AASE Vision, Mission, Goals
The workshop arrived at a rough draft of the statement of vision, mission and goals of AASE. These are as follows:
Vision: AASE is the Asian hub of a (RPSE) responsible, plural and solidarity
Workshop participants tried to translate this statement in plain language; “If you want to have a solidarity economy power, you have to plug-in into the AASE. What power is in the alliance? These are the knowledge, skills, information, contacts, etc.”
Mission: AASE facilitates exchange of resources, information, experience
among RPSE stakeholders in Asia and between them and their counterparts from other regions of the world. It serves to :
- give recognition to RPSE enterprises and supply chains
- deepen the process of reflections on RPSE initiatives in Asia
- stimulate new/innovative alliances and networks among RPSE
advocates & practitioners
- reach out to various RPSE stakeholders in Asia and other regions of the world with internet enabled information exchange and experience/
expertise sharing In plain words: “If you don’t have the chord to plug, AASE can help you develop the chord. If you don’t know where to plug the chord, the alliance will show you where to connect it”.
Goal : To achieve its Vision and accomplish its Mission, AASE has to
strengthen its focal system in the area of systematization, compatibility and wholeness. The goals of AASE for the next 3 to 5 years are therefore geared towards the development and efficiency enhancement of its focal system.
AASE Focal System
The Focal System of AASE consists of four (4) sub-systems. These are:
- International Institute of Solidarity Economu (IISE). IISE shall also serve as
the Knowledge Forum of the alliance. It shall bring together academicians
who study alternative economies, and solidarity economy in particular. IISE shall offer Masteral and PhD courses on Solidarity Economy. Courses on Governance can be integrated into its curriculum. Revenues of IISE can be sourced from contributions or fees of students.
- Asia- Pacific Solidarity Invest program (APSIP): APSIP shall also serve as the Investors Forum of the alliance. APSIP is a clearing mechanism for
channeling investments, funds, and other resources in support of
sustainable SE initiatives. Organizations providing these kind of resources can be encouraged to become APSIP partners. Inasmuch as resource organizations already have their own guidelines for choosing their partners, the value-added of APSIP lies in its capability to identify and evaluate sustainable SE initiatives.
3. Asian Forum for Solidarity Economy (AFSE). AFSE shall also serve mainly
as the Practitioners Forum of the alliance. AFSE is a forum of entrepreneurs and businessmen that are interested to learn and replicate the methodologies develop by the AASE and to those who wants to collaborate in it. The next Asian Forum will be held in Japan in November 2009. PARC (Pacific Asia Resource Center) will be the host organizer of the Asian Forum 2009.
4. AASE Web Portal. This is also known as the Communication Forum of the alliance. The Web Portal is a tool for information exchange and
dissemination. All reports and relevant information of AASE will be published in this website.
While AASE facilitates the organization and conduct of the above forums in Asia, it shall actively promote inter-regional or inter-continental dialogue. In particular, AASE shall encourage international SE networks to conduct at least one of their regular workshops in Asia in collaboration with AASE. This will enable international SE networks to bring their members in Asia and interface with their Asian counterparts.
Governance: AASE as a Citizens Assembly
AASE can serve as an Asian Citizens Assembly composed of various SE
stakeholders. The Citizen Assembly provides a platform for Solidarity
Economy. Stakeholders can come together and upgrade information, skills and pool faculties. The Citizens Assembly can also equip stakeholders with innovative tools and approaches to transact in the market for the common good.
It was the consensus to adopt the CSRSME Asia classification of SE
stakeholders for a start. This refers to the SPICY classification as follows: S–Service Providers; P- Producers; I – Investors; C- Consumers/clients; and Y –Youth. The Philippine model of Citizens Assembly was mentioned where SE stakeholders become members of the Bayanihan Supply Chain Stakeholders Assembly.
It was also the consensus that AASE membership shall be both at the
individual and institutional levels. There might be individuals within the
organization that would want to participate but they cannot immediately join because their organization is not ready to become a member of the alliance.
The immediate activities of the Citizens Assembly may consist of the
- Develop a Citizen’s Assembly calendar of activities that will provide a
wider spectrum for inter/intra forum dialogues.
- Establish Citizen’s Assembly in different countries of Asia to facilitate
and reinforce the links among all Solidarity Economy players including
those involved with the Asian Forum 2009 in Tokyo, Japan.
- Further broaden and deepen the studies on the“Facets of Solidarity
As regards the developmental approach of AASE as a Citizens Assembly, the following guidelines were recommended:
- Holistic approach (multi-geographic/constituency/thematic)
- Consultancy with established structure in the process of building
Citizen’s Assembly (Politicians, religious leaders, etc.)
- Promoting and multiplying models
- Sharing experiences
- Knowing there is no performance in Politics enough for political
stream on Solidarity Economy model and experiences
- Constant dialogue with forum or informal structure
- Establishing a school for a new world governance
- New knowledge and awareness network within formal and informal
- Present proposals on a variety of issues and solutions and in different
- Building/Pooling working data for world governance
Mapping and In-Depth Analysis of SE Initiatives
The main task of AASE in the initial years is to identify/ do a mapping of SE initiatives in Asia and to make an in-depth analysis of these initiatives. A simple framework can be adopted for identifying and analyzing SE models.
An SE model should be able to capture the real situation in the field that
shows solidarity. To identify such model, a general mapping of SE initiatives should first be conducted. The Learning Journey adopted by CSRSME Asia is one practical and less costly approach to SE mapping and to identify which model should be the subject for case study. Another approach is through the AASE Web Portal where SE stakeholders can post their experiences so that others will have something to search and see what is happening in the different parts of the world.
It is important to consider in identifying SE models for case study the values inherent to SE initiatives. There should be a solidarity that is based on cooperation and not competition. There should be a democratic kind of economy where participants are stakeholders. Whether it is a group of workers, consumers or a community, studies should include knowledge, leadership, various operating systems, skills and new technology-innovative technology. While on the political context, the study should also look into the policy, culture and history. Inquiry should be made into the performance of SE initiatives in terms of increasing the income of their beneficiaries, their contributions to job creation and to social development as a whole. SE initiatives should contribute to social capabilities towards increasing the assets base of members of the community. They should increase the capability of SE stakeholders to transact in the market.
Selection of case writers should be done with great care. The case writer
should have the capability, commitment, and willingness to carry out the
case study. He/she must also be able to draw support from local
organizations and adapt to the variety of challenges in depicting an objective view of the SE initiative.
It was also suggested that funding of case studies should be done on
solidarity basis. Extensive case study is estimated to take 30 days of work
Instead of paying the market price of 300 Euros per day, a solidarity price of 100 Euro could be paid to the case writer. In this manner, the case writer contributes two thirds (2/3) for solidarity and gets paid for one third (1/3) of his/her time.
Thus, the first year program of AASE may consist of the following activities:
- mapping of 40 cases of not more than 2 page each; and
- case analysis of ten (10) in-depth case studies;
- publications/books that contain the perspective of conceptual thinking
of thinkers and actors including noted economists who will be invited
The issue of how to value the contributions of voluntary work was raised. It was suggested that the governing council of AASE should clarify the parameters for valuing the voluntary contributions of partners when they engage in AASE activities such as conducting case studies.
With respect to the documentation of the “Facets of Solidarity Economy”, the following elements were suggested to be included in future studies:
- Gender and inter-generational participation
- Representation beyond borders (Transnational migrants)
- Equity (Political, social, economic dimension)
- Macro-micro interlinkages (from local to global) Identify/overcoming
- Positive/Optimistic perspective
IV. CONCLUSIONS – THE CHALLENGE AHEAD
Within a year (2008), CSRSME Asia has put into motion all the tasks
stipulated in the project document that serves as a basis for its collaborative partnership with the Forum for New World Governance and the FPH. It started with prototyping in the Philippines of basic focal system that would be adopted into the AASE. This focal system consists of 4 sub-systems, namely: the International Institute of Solidarity Economy (IISE), the Asia Pacific Solidarity Invest Program (APSIP), the Asian Forum for Solidarity Economy (AFSE), and the Web Portal.
Among these four sub-systems, AFSE and the Web Portal are in a more
advanced stage of development. The operational details of IISE and APSIP still have to be worked out. To address this concern, CSRSME Asia is organizing another workshop in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in March 2009.
Furthermore, the officers and operating staff of partner organizations have to be trained on how to make use of these sub-systems for their own benefit. CSRSME Asia has scheduled a training workshop in June 2009 for this purpose.
Another urgent agenda is the process of legitimization of AASE. At the
regional workshop in Bangkok in October 2008, participants looked up to
CSRSME Asia to facilitate the legitimization process. An immediate step
undertaken by CSRSME Asia towards this end is the registration of the name “Asian Alliance for Solidarity Economy” with the Securities and Exchange Commission of the Philippines. At least the name is formally registered in one Asian country, which provides legitimacy to the name of AASE as may be referred to in the process of communications among partner organization.
Of course, another relevant step is the setting up of the AASE Web Portal as an interactive website. The four sub-systems of AASE will be featured in the Web Portal under “Forums”. SE Stakeholders and partner organizations will be recognized and classified accordingly under “Networks”. The volumes of papers and presentations gathered by CSRSME Asia through the Asian Forum 2007, the Learning Journey, and regional workshops will all be uploaded in the Web Portal.
Preparations for the Asian Forum 2009 are underway with the coordination of PARC as the host organization. CSRSME Asia continues to actively promote the Asian Forum among its international partner organizations. CSRSME Asia also serves as a clearing house for the thematic issues for discussion during the Asian Forum.
It is hoped that the Asian Forum 2009 will endorse AASE as the hub and
governing body of SE initiatives in Asia. With the formalization of AASE
organization and governance, it will be better prepared to participate in the Asian Citizens Assembly in 2010 in India.
- Canela, Eduardo, 2008. “Ever Considered an International School for
Solidarity Economics?”, Unpublished manuscript, Bangkok: CSRSME Asia
- Marin, Gustavo, 2008. “Solidarity Economy, World Governance and Citizens Assemblies:Reflections on three pillars on which to build the world’s future”, Unpublished manuscript, Bangkok: CSRSME Asia
- Quinones, Benjamin, 2008. “Facets of Solidarity Economy”, Unpublished manuscript, Bangkok, CSRSME Asia
- Rodriguez, Basilio, 2008. “Building Blocks for the Solidarity Economy”,
Unpublished manuscript, Bangkok: CSRSME Asia
- Samuel, John, 2008. “Towards Solidarity Economy”. Unpublished manuscript, Bangkok: CSRSME Asia